From a nation dependent on food imports to feed its population, India today is self-sufficient in grain production and also has a substantial reserve. The progress made by agriculture in the last four decades has been one of the biggest success stories of free India. Agriculture and allied activities constitute the single largest contributor to the Gross Domestic Product, almost 33% of it. Agriculture is the means of livelihood of about two-thirds of the work force in the country.
India is the world's second largest rice producer, followed by China. The production of rice in India has shown an increasing trend which is evident from the Table given below:
RICE PRODUCTION (in million tones)
The demand for rice in India is projected at 128 million tones for the year 2012 and will require a production level of 3,000 kg/hectare significantly greater than the present average yield of 1,930 kg/hectare. Government of India is targeting to achieve production of 129 million tones of rice by 2011-12 with the growth rate of 3.7% along with other food grains.